Rome, the capital city of Italy, is one of the most populous city in Europe. It is also known as a capital of two states because of Vatican City being an independent country located within the city limits of Rome – a country within a city.
Rome is one of the world’s more popular tourist destinations due to its many archeological and historical treasures. It is also home to many significant museums including the Vatican Museums and the Musei Capitolini. Rome is also considered one of the world’s main centers of archeological research thanks to its numerous ancient sites such as the Colosseum and the Pantheon.
The city is not all history and old world attractions. It is a city becoming recognized for its contemporary and modern art and architecture. Rome’s National Gallery of Modern Art is home to permanent exhibitions of artists such as Kandisky, Cézanne and Pirandello. Rome is also famous for being a world fashion capital. It is considered as the world’s fourth most important center for fashion with major fashion houses and jewelry companies founded in the city.
Traveling to Rome from international destinations can easily be done primarily by plane or by boat. Rome has two international airports, the Leonardo da Vinci/Fiumicino International Airport and the G.B. Pastine/Ciampino International Airport. The Fiumicino Airport is Rome’s main airport with large and modern terminals and well-connected by public transport to the city center. Meanwhile, the Ciampino Airport serves mostly low-cost airlines such as Easyjet, Wizzair and Ryanair.
Traveling by boat to Rome is also available as most cruise ships dock in Civitavecchia, some at the end of a cruise. Some cruise ships also dock a full day to allow their passengers a day trip to Rome.
When planning your holiday in Rome, there are many tourist spots and activities to add to your travel itinerary. Here are just a few of the highly recommended things to do in Rome:
Colosseum – Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum is an elliptical amphitheater located in Rome’s city center. It was the largest amphitheater during the Roman Empire and is still considered as the largest amphitheater in the world today. It also considered as one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. The Colosseum is open from 8:30 in the morning to one hour before sunset. There are a few exceptions so make sure to check their official website for the most up to date information on opening hours and admission ticket prices.
Roman Forum – Located at the city center of Rome, this large rectangular forum or plaza is surrounded by the ruins of various important ancient government buildings. In ancient times, it was the center of Roman public life for many centuries. It was a venue for public speeches, criminal trials
as well as gladiator matches. Today, the Roman Forum is an expansive ruin of architectural remains and intermittent archaeological digs. A standard ticket to the Colosseum also includes entrance to the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill despite having separate ticketing entrances. It is best to check their official website to latest information on fees and opening hours.
St. Peter’s Basilica – A late Renaissance church located in Vatican City, the St. Peter’s Basilica is considered as the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and is still currently recognized as one of the largest churches in the world. It is also regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. St. Peter’s Basilica is also the burial site of its namesake, Saint Peter. The basilica is open daily from 7 in the morning until 7 in the evening from April to September or 6 in the evening from October to March. Most of the church is free to visit except for a few parts so make sure to visit their official website for the most up to date information.
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