The Federal Republic of Somalia, or simply Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. The country is bordered by the Gulf of Aden, Kenya, Indian Ocean, Djibouti, and Ethiopia to the north, southwest, east, northwest, and west, respectively. Somalia is known for having the longest coastline on the continent’s mainland; its seaboard extends 3,025 kilometers or 1,880 miles. The country’s terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains, and highlands. Year-round hot conditions are experienced in the country, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. Somalia’s capital and largest city is Mogadishu.
What to see & do
Some of the spots to visit when in Somalia include Bakara Market, Laas Geel, Sinbusi Beach, Lag Badana National Park, Qaytaba Cuntada, Daloh Heritage Reserve, the Bazooka Bar, and War Memorial. Somalia’s Bakara Market, created in the late 1972, is a public market by the Siad Barre administration. The market served as the place to effectively sell goods and services that also include produce and clothing. Considered as the largest marketplace in all of Somalia, its shops has been rehabilitated after the civil war in 1990, and is now the main stop for fruits, garments, and building materials. Somaliland is the home of Laas Geel, an infamous rock art that can be found within the caves around the rural outskirts of Hargeisa. Estimated to be from around 9,000 to 3,000 BCE, the rock art has some of the earliest known cave paintings to be found within the Horn of Africa. The country’s Lag Badana National Park, also referred to as Bushbush National park, is the first national park of Somalia. At around 3,300 square kilometers or 1,300 square miles, it is home to 200 vascular plant species, among others. Another spot to be visited is the Somali Beach. It is located near Mogadishu, and is open to everyone although it is under Sharia law that women must swim fully clothed. When touring around Somalia, Somali architecture is one of the country’s features that are worth noting. The country’s architecture scenic stone cities, castles, citadels, fortresses, mosques, temples, cisterns, towers, monuments, cairns, megaliths, menhirs, dolmens, steles, tumuli, aqueducts, tombs, and lighthouses that date back to the ancient, medieval, and early modern periods. Pyramidal structures, or taalo, were a popular burial style in ancient Somalia. Many of these dry stone monuments are scattered around the country today.
How to get around Somalia
Since Somalia functioned without an effective government for around 17 years, its roads and transit services are not as up to par as other nations. Generally when driving within Somalia, driving is on the right or center. The country has a functioning public transportation service via its buses and taxis.
How to get there
Aden Adde International Airport is an international airport that serves Mogadishu, Somalia. The airport is the hub for Jubba Airways. It has an asphalt-surface runway measuring at around 3,600 meters or 10,900 feet, with flights to and from domestic and international destinations such as Berbera, Dubai, Galkayo, Hargeisa, Nairobi, Sharjah, Wajir, Djibouti, Jeddah, Aden, Mukalla, Sanna, Sharjah, Wajir, Athens, and Istanbul via African Express Airways, Daallo Airlines, Felix Airways, Fly-SAX, Jubba Airways, SkyGreece Airlines, and Turkish Airlines.