The Sydney-Kingsford Smith Airport, also known as the Kingsford Smith Airport, or simply the Sydney Airport, is an international airport located 8 kilometers away from central Sydney, in the suburb of Mascot in the said city. It is the only major airport serving Sydney, and is by far one of the busiest airports in Australia.
Owned by the Leased Federal Airport and operated by the Sydney Airport Corporation Limited, Sydney is both the longest continuously operated commercial airport and the oldest commercial international airport in the world; one of the world's continuously operating commercial airports, and the busiest airport terminal in Africa. It handled some 35.6 million passengers in 2011 alone, increasing each year at a steady rate. Aircraft movements for the airport has reached 326,000 levels in 2013, with airfreight carried reaching some 444,000 tons. Although an old facility that can be traced back since the year 1920s, the Sydney Airport is not short in services, facilities, and passenger count. It impacts the Australian business sector, particularly the aviation sector with some 13.2 billion dollars (economic impact) and 146,000 (social impact).
The Sydney Airport has three passenger terminals. The international terminal is separated from the other terminals by a runway, therefore connecting passengers (flights with connections) need to allow ample time for transfers. The airport provides a shuttle service between the terminals at a cost.
Terminal 1 – Terminal 1 was opened on May 3, 1970, replacing the old and original overseas passenger terminal in the facility. It is today known as the airport's international terminal, located on the western section of the facility. It has 25 gates, remote bays, and can accommodate the Airbus A380. The terminal is split into three levels, one for arrivals, another for departures, and a third for airline offices. The departure level has 20 rows of check-in desks with 10 single desks each, making a total of 200 check-in desks. The terminal also has an observation deck, and hosts eight airline lounges. It now also houses a shopping complex and outbound customs operations, which were added in 2010.
Terminal 2 – Located at the airport's northeastern section, the second terminal features 16 parking bays served by aerobridges and several remote bays for regional aircraft. Airlines that use the terminal include Virgin Australia, Virgin Australia Regional Airlines, Jetstar, Tigerair Australia, and Regional Express Airlines. Terminal 2 also has lounges for Virgin Australia and Regional Express.
Terminal 3 – Terminal 3 is another domestic terminal, serving Qantas and QantasLink after their move from Terminal 2. The said terminal is largely the result of extensions made during the 90s, which now houses 14 parking bays, club lounge for Qantas, and a dedicated business class and chairman's lounge. Terminal 3 also has a heritage collection, dedicated to Qantas and including many collections from the airline's 90+ years of service.
Other terminals – there was another domestic terminal in service during the time that the second terminal was closed, however, today it is being used as an office by DHL Express and Tasman Cargo Airlines. A separate cargo/freight terminal is also in place north of the first terminal, which is used for international freight operations.
Services and Facilities
Aside from providing commercial services and airfreight, the airport also has several services for the leisure of its passengers. Shopping and dining are part of the deal here – with the first terminal having its own shopping complex. The airport also has currency and bank services, baggage services, ground transport services, visitor assistance services, lost and found services, and many others.